In the 1980s, our country became a major exporting country of rice in Asian region. Once upon a time, a country like Malaysia who has learned how to grow crops on us is now in reverse condition, we are learning from them. Right now, we are the ones who buy the rice from them.
In 1980s, Vietnam also studied in Indonesia. But over the course of several years, Vietnam has been sped away from us. Now, Vietnam is exporting rice to Indonesia.
Why did it happen? Is not Indonesia a very fertile country with vast agricultural land? If we look at soil fertility and the extent of agricultural land, Indonesia should be the richest country in terms of food security. What plants can not grow in Indonesia? So fertile, Emha Ainun Najib is familiarly called Cak Nun called Indonesia as a piece of heaven. Let’s look at some country with the best farming system in the world. For example, the country that once colonized Indonesia, namely the Netherlands. The Netherlands with an area of only 41,526 square kilometers (compared to Indonesia’s 1,919,440 kilometers) could be the 16th largest economy in the world and has a 2 percent greater per capita income than the average in Europe 20 percent of their economy is sustained from the agricultural sector. Martin J. Kropff, University Rector and Research Wageningen, The Hague, said one of their tricks in building agricultural industrialization is to invest in research activities. From this research, ultimately rolled innovations, one of them in agriculture. Now, farming in the land of windmills has been run with a modern system, carefully planned, using sophisticated tools and skills.
The floriculture / ornamental plants industry became one of the mainstays in the Netherlands, they developed a technology they call the diaphragm curtain for the greenhouse, the roof is visibly colored gray and transparent mechanically controlled can close and open to regulate the supply of light, carbon dioxide , and the humidity of the air around the greenhouse as desired.
So it is with Japan. Through a national policy on land consolidation (1961), which emphasized the importance of delocalizing previously fragmented agricultural land in small quantities so that it became less efficient to localize land in one region centrally. In addition, the Government of Japan pays special attention to this sector, such as the establishment of a kind of cooperative called Japan Agriculture Cooperative (JA Cooperative) which properly regulates the procurement of fertilizers, seeds, sales of agricultural products to technical guidance for its members, subsidizes to protect the rights farmers to live a decent life. Such a policy has ultimately made Japan a country with the best agricultural system in the world. In fact, compared to Indonesia, fertility and land area, Japan is far below Indonesia. Moreover, Japan is often hit by various disasters, such as earthquakes and tsunamis that can damage farmland. But now, the land is not a problem, Japan can plant rice on top of the building or in a closed room with lighting systems and temperatures are arranged in such a way. Japan’s agricultural excellence is of course due to its increasingly advanced agricultural technology.
So it is with the United States. The country is among the world’s largest exporters of agricultural crops. In addition to exporting agricultural products, they also export their seeds, such as corn, potato, and soybean seeds, wheat, and others. Australia too, the country includes exporters of fruits and livestock such as beef and milk. China is not left behind. Many agricultural products are imported from this country, especially vegetables such as chili, rice, corn, and soy.
Based on the fact, Gerakan Pemuda Tani Indonesia (Gempita) and Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) held “Agriventor 2017: Competition of Young Inventors”, agricultural technology innovation competition for the young generation of Indonesia. This activity is to encourage the emergence of an advanced young generation with the latest discoveries in agriculture, which would be applicable in support of the use of advanced technology in agriculture to improve agricultural products and the welfare of Indonesians. “Later on, every team is required to create a tool with technological improvement that can improve the use of technology that aims to facilitate the operation and can improve agricultural output,” said Muhammad Riyada ( Kornas Gempita ). There are five categories in Agriventor 2017, which are appropriate technological innovations, using domestic products, smart and sophisticated agricultural machinery and tools, agricultural tools that can improve agricultural products, and agricultural tools that can facilitate farmers in the process of planting, care to harvest.