Wadahi Kerja Sama antara Komunitas dan Lembaga Pengembangan Masyarakat Desa, IAAS Indonesia Dukung Realisasi Tujuan SDG’s Desa Melalui Agenda IAAS SUMMIT 2022
January 14, 2023
June 25, 2023


The longer the availability of food for humans decreases, Indonesia is a country that has abundant natural resources, which are expected to be a source of feed suppliers of high quality and large quantities each year. This food crisis has raised a lot of awareness among people, especially the government, which is increasingly promoting smart farming 4.0 to deal with the crisis and focusing on the use of technology in agriculture.

  • By 2022, the precision farming market, which was valued at US$ 3.68 billion in 2016, is anticipated to have grown at a CAGR of 13.5 percent.
  • In 2016, the application for monitoring yields retained the biggest market share because it aids in recognizing field variability and maximizing yields.
  • Due to its ability to vary input application rates across fields for site-specific management, variable rate technology (VRT) is anticipated to develop at the highest CAGR of 19% through 2022.

Smart farming is an agricultural program that utilizes connected technology, such as software that can display soil moisture status, soil nutrient levels, soil pH, etc. Information from this can be collected and displayed in software available on cell phones, computers, and other devices, so that it can facilitate the work of farmers and make the information obtained more accurate.

In the future, the use of computers will make it possible to control human work and overcome human computing skills; for example, remote control of electronic devices using Internet media. The Internet of Things (IoT) allows control and optimization of electronic and electrical devices using the internet. It has been hypothesized that in the near future, some communications between computers and electronic devices may be able to exchange information between them, reducing human interaction. It also increases the number of internet users with various internet choices and services Smart farming and the Internet of Things (IoT) can be interconnected in the agricultural application field. This is because the Internet of Things has a role in collecting data in the field.

The success of implementing smart farming can be assessed through various factors. Firstly, efficiency in resource utilization is a key indicator of success. Smart farming should optimize the use of resources such as water, energy, and fertilizers, leading to significant savings and reduced waste.

Secondly, increased productivity is a crucial measure of success. Real-time monitoring and control of crops, along with timely actions to address issues, can result in improved yields and enhanced quality of agricultural products.

Thirdly, environmental sustainability plays a vital role. A successful implementation of smart farming should reduce the negative impact on the environment. This can be achieved through reduced chemical usage, water conservation, and adoption of sustainable agricultural practices, safeguarding natural ecosystems.

Furthermore, the profitability of farmers is a crucial aspect. A successful smart farming implementation should lower production costs, boost productivity, and optimize farm management practices, ultimately leading to improved financial returns for farmers.

Lastly, the adoption of technology and innovation in smart farming practices is a key determinant of success. Wide-scale adoption and continuous advancements in utilizing smart farming technologies demonstrate the successful implementation of smart farming. It is important to note that the success of smart farming implementation may vary depending on factors such as technological infrastructure, accessibility, farmer education and training, and supportive policies from governments and related sectors.

Facing the threat of a food crisis, the government needs to strengthen agricultural production and local food availability to replace imported food commodities with smart farming or smart farming 4.0. So smart farming in Indonesia needs to be held. Therefore, how is the development of smart farming in Indonesia? Some of the smart farming in Indonesia, namely:

A smart farming drip irrigation system resulting from the development of the SMS method for watering and neutering plants.

Source: Petani milenial di Kabupaten Sikka, NTT, Yance Maring yang mengembangkan sistim irigasi tetes Smart Farming hasil pengembangan dari metode SMS dalam penyiraman dan pemukuman tanaman. Mongabay Indonesia.

Using a mobile phone and SMS, a millennial farmer in Sikka Regency named NTT created a computerized drip irrigation system to control the injection of fertilizer and water. He is currently working on an advanced drip irrigation system that can be controlled from anywhere using an Android smartphone and internet technology. Farmers can manage irrigation using a technology known as smart farming. There are sensors for temperature, moisture, PH, NPK, and PH of the soil. In order to make irrigation more measurable, there are additional devices for measuring the flow of water and the level of water in a reservoir or holding tank.The smart farming approach prioritizes dry land farming and uses less water and energy. This self-contained technology, which has never been utilized before, is appropriate for outdoor applications in areas with significant agricultural land. Consulting services are offered in addition to providing complete smart farming systems that include drip irrigation networks. There have been numerous orders for this cost-effective drip irrigation system for agriculture from various parts of Indonesia.

2.      Para Pemuda Keren (PMK) youth in Bali are turning to smart farming using the IoT system

Source: Cerita para pemuda Bali yang beralih menjadi ‘petani cerdas’. BBC News Indonesia.

As many as 20 young people from Petani Muda Keren (PMK) developed smart farming as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, which forced the tourism industry to shift to the agricultural sector. Due of the significant costs associated with traditional farming, such as wasted water, expensive labor, and lost time, PMK inspired smart farming by arming himself with information and innovative ideas. One benefit of this method is that plants can be evenly watered in only 15 minutes using a water sprayer or “sprinkler” that is managed by a mobile phone application. The device, which uses solar panels and electrical storage batteries, may naturally provide evening lighting for insect traps, reducing the need for pesticides in pest control. Afterward, farming can depend on information technology as well. Of course, some tasks require manual labor, such as planting, harvesting, seeding, and soil preparation. The Pusat Pelatihan Pertanian dan Pedesaan Swadaya (P4S) for PMK, run by the PMK community, regularly offers training in technology-based smart agriculture in addition to managing their farmland. under the direction of the Kementerian Pertanian RI. This pilot program for smart farming has the potential to develop into an agritourism destination in the future.

By gathering information from fields and keeping it, smart farming aids farmers in the management of their crops and livestock. Making informed decisions regarding what to grow, where to plant it, and when to harvest is possible using the data acquired by the sensors. As a result, there is less chance of planting too early or too late, which saves farmers time.

Additionally, smart farming enables farmers to get real-time data on factors such as temperature, rainfall patterns, and soil moisture levels. As a result, farmers may more effectively manage their irrigation schedule and conserve water resources, both on a global scale and at the level of individual farms. Additionally, this dramatically raises crop quality and decreases waste brought on by excessive or insufficient irrigation. Some of the other advantages of smart farming include:

  1. Increased Production:   Improving yields can be achieved through optimized planting, treatment application, and harvesting.
  2. Better Quality: Accurate knowledge regarding production processes and quality enables farmers to adapt and enhance the specific characteristics and nutritional values of their products.
  3. Accurate Farm and Field evaluation: Information regarding past crop yields aids farmers in strategizing and forecasting future crop yields, as well as estimating the worth of their land.
  4. Reduced Environment, Energy and climate footprint: Enhancing resource efficiency diminishes the environmental and climate impact of food production.


Although smart farming provides many advantages for farmers, smart farming also has disadvantages. The disadvantages of smart farming are:

  1. Expensive costs can burden farmers because the electronic equipment needed in smart farming is not cheap, so farmers prefer conventional farming, which is cheaper.

Farmers’ knowledge of smart farming is still lacking. This is because farmers still do not know how to use smart farming, even though the times are increasingly sophisticated.

International Association of Students in Agricultural and Related Sciences (IAAS) is the World Biggest Student Association in The Field of Agriculture and Related Sciences. IAAS was founded in 1957 and started with only 8 member countries.For the last 60 years, IAAS has grown into a big organization with 53 member countries and more than 10,000 active members. IAAS Indonesia was found by Mr. Arif Satria on December 29th 1992. By the year of 2020, IAAS Indonesia has 11 Local Committees across the country with more than 1200 active members.


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